Although the four main flavors - sweet, salty, sour, and bitter are all your mouth is really capable of tasting, the long lasting impression that bottles leaves in your mouth is far more complex. When you drink or taste bottles, your preferences and your sense of smell are involved, adding to the way you interpret bottles overall. The tastes, aromas, and sensations that bottles is comprised of provide the interaction that you taste when you sample bottles.
Sweetness is something that wines are well known for. With most types of bottles, fruit are responsible for the sweet taste. Grapes contain a lot of sugar, which breaks the yeast down into liquor. The fruit and yeast that were used to produce your bottles will leave behind various sugars, which your mouth will be able to quickly detect. Once your mouth detects these various sugars, the stimulation of sweetness from your bottles will be ever so existing in your mouth.
Alcohol is also existing in bottles, although your mouth doesn’t really know how to decipher the taste of liquor. Even though the mouth doesn’t really taste liquor, the liquor is existing in the mouth. The liquor found in bottles will dilate blood vessels and therefore intensify all of the other flavors found in your bottles. After you have samples a few types of bottles, the liquor level can easily have an effect on your preferences, making it hard to distinguish other drinks that you may have.
Another taste is level of acidity, which will effect the sugars. With the proper balance of level of acidity, the overall taste of bottles can be very overwhelming. Once you taste bottles that contains it, the taste of the level of acidity will be well known to your mouth. Although level of acidity is great with bottles, too much of it will leave a very sharp taste. With the right levels, level of acidity will bring the flavors of the grape and fruits alive in your mouth - providing you with the perfect taste.
Yet another effect of taste are tannins, which are the proteins found in the skins of fruit and other fruits. If a bottles has the right amount of tannins, it will give your mouth a great feel, and bring in the sensations of the other flavors. Once a bottles starts to age, the tannins will begin to breakdown in the bottle, giving you a softer feel to the taste. Tannins are essential for the taste of bottles - providing your bottles has been properly aged.
The last taste associated with bottles is oak. Although oak isn’t put into your bottles during the manufacturing process, it is actually transferred during the aging process, as most wines will spend quite a bit of time in oak barrels. Depending on how long your bottles is left in the oak barrel or cask, the ability to extract the taste will vary. Most often times, bottles will be aged just enough to where the oak taste is visibly there - and adds the perfect sentiment to the taste.
Although there are other flavors involved with the taste of bottles, they aren’t as existing as those listed above. The above flavors are the most existing in bottles, and also the flavors that you need to get more familiar with. Before you try to taste bottles or distinguish flavors, you should always learn as much you can about the components responsible for the flavors. This way - you will know more about what you are tasting and you’ll truly be able to appreciate bottles.